Synthetic, manmade, CVD or lab-created diamonds, call them what you will. The fact remains that they are completely pure diamonds, with a heart.
Grown in highly-controlled laboratory conditions that simulate the earth’s natural growing environment, these diamonds are optically, chemically and atomically identical to earth-mined diamonds, while being eco-friendly at the same time. CVD diamonds also have a different and unique arrangement of carbon atoms, i.e. a crystal lattice structure.
While people have been experimenting with the technology used to grow diamonds for over a century now, it has only been in the last decade that we’ve been able to perfect the science of creating gem-quality diamonds in a modern-day lab.
Uses of synthetic diamonds:
1. Machining and cutting tools :
Most mechanical utilizations of manufactured precious stones have for some time been related with their hardness; this property makes the jewel the perfect material for machine apparatuses and cutting instruments.
2. Thermal conductor:
Most materials with high thermal conductivity are also electrically conductive, such as metals. In contrast, pure synthetic diamond has high thermal conductivity, but negligible electrical conductivity. This combination is invaluable for electronics where diamond is used as a heat sink for high-power laser diodes, laser arrays and high-power transistors.
3. Optical material:
Diamond is hard, chemically inert, and has high thermal conductivity and a low coefficient of thermal expansion. These properties make diamond superior to any other existing window material used for transmitting infrared and microwave radiation. Therefore they are becoming increasingly important in several areas of optics.
Synthetic diamond transistors have been produced in the laboratory. They are functional at much higher temperatures than silicon devices, and are resistant to chemical and radiation damage. While no diamond transistors have yet been successfully integrated into commercial electronics, they are promising for use in exceptionally high-power situations and hostile non-oxidizing environments.
5. Gemstones :
Synthetic diamonds for use as gemstones are grown by HPHT  or CVD  methods, and currently represent approximately 2% of the gem-quality diamond market.However, there are indications that the market share of synthetic jewelry quality diamonds may grow as advances in technology allows for larger higher-quality synthetic production on a more economic scale.
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